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He was deeply impressed by the grandeur of the virgin forest, by the variety and beauty of the butterflies and birds, and by his first encounter with Indians on the Uaupés River area, an experience he never forgot. [122] Extending the system developed by Sclater for birds—which divided the earth into six separate geographic regions for describing species distribution—to cover mammals, reptiles and insects as well, Wallace created the basis for the zoogeographic regions still in use today. [93] However, Malcolm Kottler[94] showed that Wallace was indeed discussing individual variations. The Natural History Museum, London, co-ordinated commemorative events for the Wallace centenary worldwide in the 'Wallace100' project in 2013.

× While he was in the Malay Archipelago, the sale of specimens had brought in a considerable amount of money, which had been carefully invested by the agent who sold the specimens for Wallace. By that means I am strongly of opinion that some definite results might be arrived at. [97] It was also a lifelong disagreement with Darwin about the importance of sexual selection. Despite this, his fame faded quickly after his death. There is a problem with your email/password. For Edits select Suggest Edits on the memorial page. [112], As the historian of science Michael Shermer has stated, Wallace's views in this area were at odds with two major tenets of the emerging Darwinian philosophy, which were that evolution was not teleological (purpose driven) and that it was not anthropocentric (human-centred). In 1880, he published Island Life as a sequel to The Geographic Distribution of Animals. Introducing ... PEOPLE's Products Worth the Hype. [172] On 7 November 2013, the 100th anniversary of Wallace's death, Sir David Attenborough unveiled a statue of Wallace at the museum.

[47][48] In an essay published in 1899 Wallace called for popular opinion to be rallied against warfare by showing people: "...that all modern wars are dynastic; that they are caused by the ambition, the interests, the jealousies, and the insatiable greed of power of their rulers, or of the great mercantile and financial classes which have power and influence over their rulers; and that the results of war are never good for the people, who yet bear all its burthens". [71] His autobiography says that he was on the island of Ternate at the time; but historians have said that based on his journal he was on the island of Gilolo. Try again later.

[56] He was 90 years old. He also believed that the raison d'être of the universe was the development of the human spirit. Add to your scrapbook. His treatment of Mars in this book was brief, and in 1907, Wallace returned to the subject with a book Is Mars Habitable?

[20] On 12 July 1852, Wallace embarked for the UK on the brig Helen. Please enter location or other information that may help the volunteer in fulfilling this request. In The World of Life (1911) he wrote: These considerations should lead us to look upon all the works of nature, animate or inanimate, as invested with a certain sanctity, to be used by us but not abused, and never to be recklessly destroyed or defaced.

Evidence of this can be seen in Wallace's letters dated 22 November and 1 December 1866, to Thomas Huxley asking him if he would be interested in getting involved in scientific spiritualist investigations which Huxley, politely but emphatically, declined on the basis that he had neither the time nor the inclination. [161], Another factor in Wallace's thinking was his belief that, because of the action of natural selection, organisms were in a state of balance with their environment, and that everything in nature, even disease-causing organisms, served a useful purpose in the natural order of things; he feared vaccination might upset that natural balance with unfortunate results.

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